The South East Asian country, India has 29 states and 7 union territories. It is ranked 7th largest country and 2nd most populated country in the world. Here I am going to discuss about the Top 10 Largest State In India By Area.
The North-South stretch of India is 3214 km whereas East-West stretch is 2933 km. It covers an area of 3.287 million square km. India is well known as “unity in diversity” so, we can conclude that the inhabitants of the country are of various religions, caste, culture, class and creed.
Talking about the largest state in India by area, Rajasthan ranks the first whereas Chhattisgarh ranks the tenth position.
Top 10 Largest State In India By Area:
It is towards the north west part of India. Jaipur is its capital. The total area covered by the state is 342,239 square km. It is a landlocked state. Pakistan is towards its west, Gujarat to the south west, Madhya Pradesh to the south east, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to north east and Punjab to the north. It was earlier known as the “Land of Kings”. It covers most part of the Thar desert and was established on 1st Novermber 1956.
District in Rajasthan: There are33 districts in the state. Jaisalmer is the largest district whereas Dholpur is the smallest district.
Longest River of Rajasthan: River Banas.
Highest Peak: Guru Shikhar (1722 m)
Tourist places in Rajasthan: Amber Fort, Bundi Palace, Garh Palace, Chitrasala, Chittaurgarh Fort, Chand Baori, Sheesh Mahal, Vijay Stambha, Rantambore National Park, Desert National Park, Sariska National Park, Keoladeo National Park, Longwala War Memorial.
2. Madhya Pradesh:
It is the central state of India so, it is known as the “heart of India”. Bhopal is its capital. It covers a total area of 308,252 square km. The state has Rajasthan to the north west, Gujarat to the west, Maharashtra to the south, Chhattisgarh to the south east and Uttar Pradesh to the north east. It was established on 1st of November 1956.
District in Madhya Pradesh: There are 51 districts in the state. Indore and Datia are the largest and smallest districts respectively.
Longest River of Madhya Pradesh: River Narmada
Highest Peak: Dhupgarh (1350 m)
Tourist Places in Madhya Pradesh: Khujraho temple, Jai Ulas Palace museum, Bhimbetka Rock Shelter, Dhuandhar falls, Kanha National Park, Satpura National Park, Sanchi Stupa, Ship Palace, Gwalior fort.
It is located in the western part of India. Arabian Sea lies to the western side of the state. Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Telangana, Karnataka, Goa and Dadra and Nagar Haveli borders the state. Mumbai is its capital. It covers an area of 307,713 square km. It was established on 1st May 1960.
District in the state: There are 36 districts. Ahmadnagar is the largest district while Mumbai is the smallest.
Longest River of Maharashtra: River Godavari
Highest Peak: Kalsubai (1646 m)
Tourist Places in Maharashtra: Haji Ali Dargah, Gateway of India, Nashik-Trimbakeshwar Simhastha, Lal mahal, Shivleni caves, Ajanta and Ellora Caves, Elephanta cave, Kaas Plateau, Bibi ka Maqbara.
4. Uttar Pradesh:
It is the northern state of India. Lucknow is its capital. It covers a total area of 243,286 square km. It shares international border with Nepal and is locked by the states such as Uttarakhand, Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand and Bihar.
District in the state: There are 75 districts in Uttar Pradesh. Lakhimpur Kheri is the largest district whereas Sant Ravidas Nagar is the smallest one.
Longest River of the state: River Ganga
Highest Peak: Amsot Peak (957 m)
Tourist Places in the Uttar Pradesh: Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Tomb fo I’timad-ul-Daulah, Akbar’s tomb, Fatehpur Sikri, Seesh Mahal, Jim Corbett National Park.
5. Jammu & Kashmir:
It is the northernmost state of India. Its summer capital is Srinagar and Jammu is its winter capital. It covers a total area of 222,236 square km. It shares international border with Pakistan and China. Himachal Pradesh and Punjab lies to its south. It came into Indian union on 26th October 1947.
District in the state: There are 22 districts. Kargil is the largest district whereas Budgam is the smallest one.
Longest River of the Jammu & Kashmir: River Jhelum
Highest Peak: K2 (8611 m)
Tourist Places in the state: Pangong Tso, Vaishno Devi Mandir, Tso Moriri Lake, Drass War Memorial, Deksit Monastery, Bahu Fort, Hari Parbat, Indian Astronomical Obsevatory.
It is the westernmost state of India. Gandhinagar is its capital. It covers an area of 196,024 square Km. It has a coastline of 1600 km. Rajasthan is towards its north east, Daman & Diu to the south, Maharashtra and Dadra & Nagar Haveli to the south east, Madhya Pradesh to the east, Arabian Sea and Pakistan to the west. It was established on 1st of May 1960.
District in the state: There are 33 districts in the state. Kutch is the largest district whereas Dang is the smallest one.
Longest River of Gujarat: River Narmada.
Highest Peak: Girnar (1145 m)
Tourist Places in Gujarat: Sabarmati Ashram, Modhera temple, Rani ki Vav, Somnath temple,White desert, Nrara Marina National Park, Madhavpur beach, Dholavira.
It is the south western state of India. Bengaluru is its capital. It covers an area of 191,976 square km and surrounded by Arabian Sea to the west, Kerala to the south, Tamil Nadu to the south east, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Telangana to the north east, Maharashtra to the north, Goa to the north west. It was established on 1st of November 1956.
District in the state: There are 30 district in the state. Gulbarga is the biggest district while Coorg is the smallest district.
Longest River of the state: River Krishna
Highest Peak: Mullayanagiri (1925 m)
Tourist Places in Karnataka: Lal Bagh, Mysore Palace, Jog falls, Virupaksha temple, Bannerghatta National Park, Cubbon Park, Shivanasamuda falls, Badami cave temple, Gol Gumbaz, Bangalore Palace, Bhadra Wild Life Sanctuary.
8. Andhra Pradesh:
It is the south eastern state of India. Amaravati is its capital. It covers an area of 162,970 square km. It has Bay of Bengal towards its east, Telangana in the north west, Odisha to the north east, Karnataka to the west, Tamil Nadu to the south. The state was formed on 1st of November 1956.
District in the state: There are 13 districts in the state. Anantapur is the largest district while Srikakulam is the smallest one.
Longest River of Andhra Pradesh: River Godavari
Highest Peak: Arma Konda (1680 m)
Tourist Places in Andhra Pradesh: Venkateswara temple, Belum cave, INS Kursura, Prakasam Barrage, Undavalli cave, Ubbalamadugu falls, Bhavani Island, Chandragiri fort, Kolleru Lake, Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary.
It is the eastern state of India. Bhubaneswar is its capital.It covers an area of155,707 square km. It has Bay of Bengal in its east, West Bengal to the north east, Jharkhand to the north, Chhattisgarh to the west and north west, Andhra Pradesh to the south. It got its statehood on 1st of April 1936.
District in the state: It has 30 districts in the state. Mayurbhanj is the largest district whereas Jagatsinghpur is the smallest district.
Longest River of Odisha: River Mahanadi
Highest Peak: Deomali (1672 m)
Tourist Places in Odisha: Konark Sun temple, Jagannath temple, Chilika Lake, Puri Beach, Simlipal National Park, Bhitarkanika National Park, Duduma Waterfalls, Satkosi Tiger Reserve, Karlapat Wildlife Sanctuary, Debrigarh Wildlife Sanctuary.
It is in central India. Raipur is its capital and covers an area of 135,198.5 square km. It surrounds by Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Telangana andOdisha. Chhattisgarh was formed on 1st of November 2000.
District in the state: There are 27 districts in the state. Surguja is the largest district while Durg is smallest one.
Longest River of Chhattisgarh: River Mahanadi.
Highest Peak: Gaurtata (1225 m.)
Tourist Places in Chhattisgarh: Chitrakote falls, Indravati National Park, Maikal Hills, Gangrel Dam, Kotumsar cave, Sitanadi Wildlife Sanctuary, Guru Ghasidas National Park.
Every state has its own historical and geographical values. And here I have finished the discussion about the largest state in India by area. And hope it will be very fruitful for our reader.