Jaisalmer town popularly known as “The Golden City of India” is located in Rajasthan. It lies in the heart of the Thar Desert.
Nick name: The Golden City of India
Real name: Jaisalmer, Rajasthan
Coordinates: 26◦54’47’’ N, 70◦54’54’’ E
Who coined the name of the town Jaisalmer?
First of all you should know who founded the Golden City. Jaisal Singh, a Rajput king founded the city in 1156 AD, so the city was named Jaisalmer which also means “Hill fort of Jaisal”.
How did it get the name “The Golden City”?
Jaisalmer stands on the ridge of sandstone. And Most of the buildings built here are made up of yellow sandstone which gives golden -yellow light when sunlight falls on it. And it seems like the buildings are made of gold. So, it got its nick name The Golden City.
Rajasthani and Hindi.
Jaisalmer experiences arid type of climate i.e extreme type of climate. Hence it experiences high temperatures at times and at times the lowest of temperatures. The average rainfall is 209.5 mm. The climate is dry.
Since, the town is located in the desert, thus there is generally no perennial rivers. As a result we can see only a small stream, Kakni which forms Lake Orjhil after flowing for few distances.
Bajra, jowar, til etc.
Jaisalmer has alkaline and saline soils with a calcareous base. And It also contains some amount of nitrate in it. In addition Jaisalmer has also Aeolian Sand that varies from sandy to sandy loam.
Places of Attraction In The Golden Jaisalmer:
Rajput ruler, Jaisal biult this Fort. The Raj Mahal, Jain temples and Laxmikanth temple are the attractive places inside the fort.
Salim Singh ki Haveli:
It was built in 18th and the descendants of original residents still live in this palace.
Patwon ki Haveli:
It is a 5 storey structure and the inner walls of the haveli is carved by paintings an decorated with mirror works.
Nathmal ji ki Haveli:
In the 19th century 2 siblings who were architect by profession built this structure. They decorated it by miniature style paintings.
It is an abandoned village in Jaisalmer. People form all over the world visit this site to reveal the mystery of the past.
Amar Sagar Lake:
It is a lake cum oasis located adjacent to the Amar Singh Palace. You can enjoy a gorgeous view of sunset from here.
Jaisalmer War Museum:
It is a museum which commemorates the sacrifice of Indian army, situated at Jaisalmer military base. The museum exhibits to pay respects to the soldiers who lost their lives in 1965 India- Pakistan war and 1971 Longewala Battle. In addition this museum has one special feature that it has an audio visual room which shows the movies of the battles.
Jaisalmer Government Museum:
Archaeology and Museum Dept. established it. It displays the trophy of Godawan, the great India Bustard,(the State Bird)
Maharawal Gadsi Singh constructed it in 14th century to meet the water needs of the land. Now it has transformed to a pilgrimage site.
It is a beautiful architecture located in Bada Bagh and dedicated to Ved Vyas who wrote Mahabhrata. It is a sunset point.
Akal Wood Fossil Park:
This park is a must visit tourist attraction of Jaisalmer. In this park you can see Large fossilized trunks of trees, remnants of fallen and broken logs.
It is a temple dedicated to Baba Ramdevji. In the month of August and September, Ramdevra Fair held in this temple.
It is a 5 storey building of Badal Mahal. The tower of this palace shaped in a form of Tazia.
It is located inside Jaisalmer Fort and dedicated to Rikhabdevji and Shambhavdevji who were Trithankars.
Tanot Mata Temple:
Tanot Mata is believed to be reincarnation of Goddess Hinglai and People believe that during 1965 India-Pakistan War, none of the bombs exploded which was thrown in this place. So after the war, it was rebuilt by BSF and since it is under BSF Trust at present.
Laungewala War Memorial:
Desert Corps constructed it at Laungewala to celebrate the victory of Indian soldiers who defeated the Pakistani soldiers at the Battle of Laungewala on December 4th, 1971.
Desert National Park:
It displays the ecosystem of Thar Desert. The State’s Bird, the Great Indian Bustard which is also an endangered bird can also be seen here.
This garden has royal cenotaphs of Maharajas of Jaisalmer state.
Cuisine of Jaisalmer:
The famous cuisine of Jaisalmer are-
- Murgh-e-subz (boneless chicken strips fried with vegetables)
- Bhanon aloo (potatoes stuffed with mint paste)
- Kadi Pakora (flour dumplings cooked in yogurt sauce)
So when you visit to the Golden City, must try one of this especially Murgh-e-subz.
Most of the people of Jaisalmer wear bright, colorful clothes with silver and brass jewelry. Traditional dresses of women are Ghagra Choli, Saree with Odhni, Lehenga. Men wear Khol, Pachewara, Buga Tari and Banda. And men also wear dhoti with angrakhi. The men cover their head with pagri and saafa.
Religions: Hinduism, Christianity, Islam and Sikhism.
Occupation of the people:
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people of Jaisalmer. Yet there are many business classes earning names at present.
In conclusion I have to say that Jaisalmer is a land of colors and at the same time the people of Jaisalmer are also cheerful and jovial. So a tour to western part of India will remain incomplete if Jaisalmer is not in the list. So, whenever you make up your mind to visit the western part of India, do not leave The Golden City, Jaisalmer.